With it being the beginning of the school year, many of us have been spending countless hours getting ready for our students. We made sure our classrooms look just right, we made sure to pick the perfect activities for our students to get to know each other (and for us to get to know them). Before the first day I’m sure you were all just as excited as I was thinking about this school year.
One thing that many of us think about during the summer time is how to help our students to be successful. For those of us in education, that is something that we all want for our students. I’ve read many philosophies of education, written by lots of great teachers, and all of them say something about helping our students to be successful. So what needs to happen in order to help our students be successful?
As I was thinking about this question earlier this week, I found myself drawn back to a book that I read a while back – What Every Middle School Teacher Should Know by Dave Brown and Trudy Knowles. I know I’ve mentioned this book in previous posts – if you haven’t yet, it’s definitely worth the read!
In order to create cognitive growth for our students, they have to be willing to take risks in their own learning. They have to be willing to try things that they’ve never done. They have to be willing to fail from time to time. Failure leads to growth for all of us!
The problem is, failure is scary. How many of us have not tried something because we were worried we wouldn’t be able to do it? During my high school years in Bloomington we would hang out at the Indiana University outdoor pool. If you’ve never been there, one thing you should know is that there are multiple diving boards, including a platform. I had a couple of friends who were divers, and they made it look so easy to go off the 3-meter springboard, or any one of the platforms. I on the other hand, while being a strong swimmer, was scared to death to jump off that top platform. Multiple trips to the pool, and many times watching others go for it, and I just couldn’t bring myself to do it. Finally one of my buddies got me to go up the platform with him – “don’t worry, if you don’t want to jump, you can go back down.” Once I got to the top, he jumped right off. I was next in line, I turned around and there was a line behind me. I didn’t want to walk past all of them, so I walked up to the end of the platform, looked over the edge, thought about it for a moment or two, and went for it. What a rush it was to take that jump! My fear had held me back and prevented me from a fun experience.
For some of our students, the fear that I felt about jumping off that platform is what they feel about reading aloud, or writing a story. Maybe a teacher has told them that math isn’t their strong suit, so they don’t want to solve a problem for the class. We expect our students to come to school for 180 days to do something that feels risky. How many adults would do something risky every day? A lot of us might just give up. For the kids who feel this level of fear about their academics, they may say to themselves “If I’m not good at it, why even try. I don’t want to embarrass myself.”
These students need our encouragement and support to build enough confidence to take risks. That comes back to our classroom culture – the expectations we set about how students treat each other, as well as the things we (the adults in the room) say in the classroom. Kids need to feel safe enough to be able to take risks. Brown and Knowles share the following list of things students need to feel academic safety:
- No one laughs at them when they attempt to ask or answer questions
- Teachers establish realistic academic expectations and outcomes for every student
- Students’ efforts are recognized, as well as the products of those efforts
- Teachers eliminate competitive situations that create inequity among students
- Teachers develop cooperative grouping strategies that encourage students to collaborate in their learning and share their knowledge and expertise with one another
- Teachers play the role of learning facilitator to encourage student independence
- Teachers choose alternative instructional strategies to meet each student’s learning style
- Teachers recognize and appreciate talents other than academic skills
This list is not meant to be the end all be all solution for all our students, but it provides some ideas that we can reflect on in our planning and preparation to make sure that our students will feel safe in our classroom. They need that safety to take risks, and they have to take risks to grow.
What steps do you plan to take in your classroom to make sure that all of your students feel comfortable to take risks in your classroom? How can you model your willingness to take risks in your own learning and growth? Share your thoughts in the comments below.